When the Constitutional Convention convened in 1787, many were eager to strengthen the new country with codified rights for the people. A group of delegates known as the Anti-Federalists believed enumerated rights were necessary to protect individual liberties.

James Madison, a prime mover in the drafting of the Constitution, took it upon himself to draft the first set of enumerated rights in 1789. On Dec. 15, 1791, Virginia became the tenth state to ratify the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, providing the necessary ¾ of states and giving us what we now call the Bill of Rights.

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